- Location: South-east Bangladesh
- Bibhag: Chittagong (made up of 11 zillas)
- Population: Over 2.5 million
- Famous people include: Muhammad Yunus, Shahidullah Kaiser, Tamim Iqbal
- Landmark include: C'gong Hill Tracts, Chandanpura Masjid, Patenga Beach
- Hasani? Didn't know that!
- Surrounding location: Sandwip, Hathazari, Rangamati, Chandanaish
Map of Chittagong
Chotrogram / Chittagong from the air!
Brief history of Chittagong - UNDER CONSTRUCTION
The early history of Chittagong is not very clear. Burmese chronicles speak of a long line of kings over the region of Arakan, which included Chittagong in the sixth and seventh century AD. The names of these kings invariably ended with the title Chandra. Historian Lama Taranath mentions a Buddhist king Gopichandra who had his capital at Chittagong in the tenth century. According to Tibetan traditions Chittagong was the birthplace of the Buddhist Tantric Tilayogi, who lived and worked in the tenth century. Whatever might have been its early history, Chittagong's history becomes clear with the advent of the Muslims to the region.
The city of Chittagong attracted the attention of the outside world from a very early date. The Arabs knew its port in the ninth century AD.
Sultan Fakruddin Mubarak Shah of Sonargaon conquered Chittagong in 1340. Sultan Giasuddin Mubarak Shah constructed a highway from Chittagong to Chandpur and ordered the construction of many lavish mosques and tombs. After the defeat of Mahmud Shah in the hands of Sher Shah in 1538, the Arakanese regained Chittagong. From this time onward, until its conquest by the Mughals, this region was under the control of the Portuguese and the Magh pirates (a notorious name for Arakanese) for 128 years. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chittagong
Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq divided Bengal into three administrative units - lakhnauti, satgaon and sonargaon. In 1338 fakhruddin mubarak shah captured power at Sonargaon and soon after occupied Chittagong. He constructed a highway from Chandpur to Chittagong and adorned Chittagong with mosques and tombs.
In 1538 the Arakanese regained possession of Chittagong after the fall of Sultan ghiyasuddin mahmud shah at the hands of sher shah. The Mughals conquered Chittagong in 1666. During the period from 1538 to 1666 the Portuguese made inroads into Chittagong and virtually ruled it. During these 128 years Chittagong became the home of Portuguese and Magh pirates. The occupation of Chittagong by the Mughals restored peace and order in the district as a whole and in the city in particular. However, during the period of Portuguese occupation Chittagong city and port acquired great fame as centres of business and trade. During the 18th and 19th centuries, with the gradual rise and development of Calcutta, due mainly to the trading activities of the east india company, Chittagong lost its importance in the region.
Chittagong is the most famous and wealthy city of the kingdom of Bengal, by reason of its port at which meets the traffic of all that eastern region.
De Barros , the first of the great Portuguese chroniclers of Asia, described Chittagong in 1552 as
The Mughal Commandar Shayesta Khan and his son Buzurg Umed Khan expelled the Arakanese from the area in 1666 and established Mughal rule there. They renamed Chittagong as Islamabad.
The history of Chittagong shows repeated attempts by the people to free themselves from the colonial rule of the British. At the time of the sepoy revolt, 1857 the 2nd, 3rd and 4th companies of the 34th Bengal Infantry Regiment were stationed at Chittagong. On the night of 18 November the three above-named companies rose in rebellion and after releasing all the prisoners from jail, the Sepoys left Chittagong carrying with them three government elephants, ammunition and treasure. They marched along the borders of Hill Tippera into Sylhet and Cachar. Unfortunately they were either all killed or captured by the Kuki scouts and the Sylhet Light Infantry, later known as the 10th Gurkha Rifles.
Chittagong once again came into prominence after the partition of bengal, 1905 and the creation of the new province of Eastern Bengal and Assam. Due to the construction of the Assam Bengal Railway, which connected the port of Chittagong with its natural hinterland, Chittagong as a whole received a great boost and much of the development of the city in the first quarter of the twentieth century can be attributed to it. The Khilafat and Non-Cooperation movements were strongly supported by the people of Chittagong. Communal riots and massacre of Muslims in Calcutta and other parts of India in 1925, however, led the people of Chittagong to lend support to the Muslim leaders of Bengal who were fighting to uphold the interests of the Muslims. During the early part of the twentieth century, when a terrorist movement was gaining ground, one group of Hindu youths led by surya sen formed a secret party known as the Republican Army. In the Hindu areas of the town secret centres were opened where youths received physical training, got initiated into terrorism and continued their activities against the British for several years. On the night of 18 April 1930, 700 youths divided themselves into several groups and at a fixed time attacked the Armoury and the Magazine House of the Auxiliary Corps, occupied the telephone and telegraph offices and removed Railway fish plates at Dhoom, disconnecting all communications. The movement, however, failed and the subsequent arrest and hanging of Surya Sen on 20 February 1933 put an end to terrorist activities in Chittagong.
During the Second World War, the British used Chittagong as an important military base. Consequently it became the target of Japanese attacks. The aerodrome at Patenga was bombarded for two successive days in April 1942 and again on the 20 and 24 December 1942. As a result Chittagong was declared a non-family area and the head-quarters of the Divisional Commissioner was shifted to Comilla, and that of the Assam Bengal Railway to Dhaka. All valuable government documents were shifted to Mymensingh. The War transformed Chittagong from a sleepy little town to a place of great activity. The massive military presence of the allied forces, drawn mostly from Britain, Australia and America could be seen on the streets of Chittagong. Frequent air raids by the Japanese warplanes, blackouts at night, and the presence of refugees from areas occupied by the Japanese, all combined to transform city life. The War, though it helped some people to amass huge fortunes as military contractors, brought much misery in its wake for the people in general, as a result of the Great Famine of 1943. The famine, it is largely believed, was man-made, and was engineered by the British Government to force people to the army recruiting centres to give the Government much needed manpower.
The City of Chittagong played a significant role in the war of liberation of Bangladesh in 1971. It was from Chittagong that the first public announcement was made over the radio declaring Independence and the start of the War of Liberation. The people of Chittagong denied the occupation army of Pakistan access to the sea and the facilities for reinforcement of troops and replenishment of arms. The valiant freedom fighters sank a good number of ships in the channel of the karnafuli river and thus totally blocked the port so that the Pakistani Occupation Army could not use it. Consequently, Chittagong suffered enormous losses in terms of people and properties during the War of Liberation. After the liberation of Bangladesh and the surrender of Pakistani troops, Chittagong needed a massive rehabilitation and reconstruction programme. This was carried out on a high priority basis, as the major outlet to the sea could not be allowed to remain out of commission for long. Within a couple of years after liberation, Chittagong became generally operational both as a city and as a port.
Must see & do
Places of worship & mazars (shrine)
Chittagong parks & stadiums
Videos of Chittagong
Famous 'Chittagongi' include:
- Muhammad Yunus (Born 28 June 1940) Social entrepreneur, banker, economist and civil society leader.
- Shahidullah Kaiser (16 Feb 1927 - 14 Dec 1971) Novelist and writer.
- Abul Kashem (28 Jun 1920 – 11 Mar 1991) Eminent educationist, politician, and author. Popularly known as 'Principal Abul Kashem'. A pioneer and the architect of the historic Bhasha Andolon (Language Movement of Bangladesh). A founder of the Islamic-oriented Bengali cultural organization Tamaddun Majlish.
- Abul Fazal (1 Jul 1903 – 4 May 1983) Writer and educationist.
- Binod Bihari Chowdhury (10 Jan 1911 - 10 Apr 2013) A revolutionary and veteran member of the civil society of Bangladesh. Famous for participating in the Chittagong Armoury Raid to uproot the British colonial rule from the Indian subcontinent in 1930.
- Muhammad Abdul Mubeen (Born 1955) Chief of Bangladesh Army Staff.
- Pritilata Waddedar (5 May 1911 – 23 Sept 1932) First woman freedom fighter of the anti-British movement in India.
- Abdul Kuddus Choudhury (1926 - 20 May 2010) Justice and secretary of the law, justice and parliamentary affairs ministry.
- Ghulam Sarwar (Born 1945) Founder and Director of Muslim Education Trust in London, UK. Author of 'Islam: beliefs and teachings', 'British Muslims and Schools', and 'Sex Education - The Muslim Perspective' amongst others. Completed Masters in Business Management from University of Dhaka, and is a member of Royal Society of Arts.
- Mufti Faizullah (1892 - 1976) Poet and writer
- Tamim Iqbal (Born 20 Mar 1989) International cricketer.
- Ananta Singh (1903 - 1979) A revolutionary, politician and one of the major participants in the looting of the Chittagong Armoury.
- Syed Waliullah (1922 – 1971) Novelist, short-story writer and playwright.
- Hossain Zillur Rahman (Born) Academic, economist and policy maker.
- Bibi Russell () Fashion designer and former international model.
- Ayub Bachchu (Born 16 Aug 1962) Musician, singer, and lyricist, best known as a founding member and leader of rock band LRB (Love Runs Blind).
- Aly Zaker (Born 6 Nov 1944) Actor, director in Bangladeshi National Television drama and theatre. One of the trustees of Liberation War Museum.
- Chittagong's Official website: www.ccc.org.bd
- Shah Amanat Airport telephone: 741532-42
- Hospital telephone:
- Railway: 843201-10
- Police Control Room: 639022
May Allah bless Chittagong and our People. Ameen.