Visiting Prophet's Mosque in Madinah

After making the Hajj, many pilgrims opt to travel to Medina, the second-holiest city in Islam. Here, they can visit such holy sites as The Prophet's Mosque. No Ihram is necessary to visit Medina. Note that foreign pilgrims are required to leave Saudi Arabia by the 10th of Muharram (the 1st month of the Islamic calendar). ================================================================ http://www.hajjumrahguide.com/hajj_stepbystep.html To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet’s city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram nor talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet’s Mosque. Unique Merit of the Prophet’s Mosque. The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself participated in the construction of this mosque, called it "My Mosque" and led prayers in it for years. He has also said that a salah performed in the Prophet’s Mosque is better than a thousand salats in any other place except Masjid al-Haram in Makkah. According to Hazrat Anas, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has also said: "The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and other torments and also from hypocrisy." (Musnad Ahmad) Visiting the Holy Tomb. It is a great privilege for the pilgrims to visit our beloved Prophet’s tomb. The Prophet (peace be upon him) once said: "The person who comes solely for the purpose of paying a visit to my grave, has a right on me that I should intercede for him." (‘Ilm al-Fiqh, Vol. V) And he has also said: "The person who performs Hajj and then visits my Tomb, will be regarded as though he had seen me in my worldly life." (Baihaqi) PROCEDURE TO VISIT MADINAH Travel to Madinah and Niyyah. When you start travel to Madinah, Make niyyah (intention) as such: " O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Please accept it from me." During this journey, recite Darud Sharif frequently. When the city of Madinah is in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while reciting Darud and Salam. Masjid-e-Nabvi. After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or perform ablutions (vudu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the Prophet’s Mosque while uttering Darud. Bab-e-Jibril. Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril or Bab-us-Salaam or if this is not possible, enter through any other door. Right Foot. Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say Allhu Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, etc.), recite Darud and say: "Allah humma aftah li abwabe rahamte ka" Two Raka’t Nafl. If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two rakahs of nafl tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting of the masjid) preferably in Riaz al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque. In front of the Holy Tomb. In front of the sacred tomb of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there are three sections of brass screens and all three have holes in them. Look at the picture carefully. If you stand in front of the middle section between the pillars, you'll see a big round hole on your left. This is in front of the face of the Holy Prophet. Adjacent to it is a door that stays closed. Right after it on the right side is a round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique. On the right of it, there is another round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Umar Farooq. Here is an enlarged view of the screen in front of the sacred face of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him). Standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice: "Assalamu alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu" (Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.) After this say: "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah" "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah" "Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah" Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death. You may use the same supplication recited earlier during the Tawaf : "Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin nar." Offer Salam of others. Now offer salam of relatives or friends in your own language or say: "Asslamu alaika ya Rasul Allah min----." After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative. Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique. Then move a little to the right and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him. Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq. Again move a little to the right before the grave of Hazrat Umar ( may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him. Forty Prayers. Men should offer forty prayers (Salat) in the Prophet's Mosque, but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab, i.e., rewarding if done, but if not done there is no sin. Other places to visit. Some of the other important places to visit are: Masjid Quba, Jannat al-Baqee, graves of Hazrat Hamzah and other martyrs of Uhud (may Allah be pleased with them) and Masjid Qiblatain, etc. Among them Masjid Quba is the most important. It is the first mosque in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself on his migration to Madinah. To offer 2 raka'ats of nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet’s Mosque and his tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well. Departure from Madinah. When you have to leave Madinah, offer your Salam again to the Prophet (peace be upon him), cry at this separation, supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.

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The performance/rites of Hajj last five days, from 8th - 12th Dhu'l-Hijjah.

Day 1 (8th Dhu'l-Hijjah): Declare intention, recite Talbiyah, enter state of Ihram, and head to city of Mina

On the first day of Hajj, known as 'yawm al-tarwiyah' (day of Tarwiyah), pilgrims re-assume Ihram and declare their intention to perform Hajj. As with Umrah, pilgrims undergo ritual purity (e.g. bathing, grooming, wearing Ihram clothes), declare their intention and recite Talbiyah three times. Since they'll be performing Hajj and not Umrah, the niyyah now becomes "O Allah! I intend to perform Hajj. Please make it easy for me and accept it from me. Ameen."

It is important that the pilgrims maintain their state of Ihram and refrain from activities that are forbidden to them until their Hajj is over (e.g. men covering head, having sex, etc.).

Male pilgrims who have previously worn their ihram for Umrah can wear the same garment again. They don't have to wear new one https://islamqa.info/en/34270. Also they don't have to enter ihram from al-Masji al-Haraam. It is sunnah to enter ihram from the place where the pilgrim is staying https://islamqa.info/en/34270.

[Depending upon how the trip is scheduled, most pilgrims performing the Tamattu' pilgrimage have a several-day break in between their Umrah duties and their Hajj duties, so, for sake of ease, they leave the state of Ihram after their Umrah. However, as with Umrah, the Hajj requires ritual purity and meekness before God, so, at the outset of the Hajj, pilgrims re-assume the state of Ihram. ]

Afterwards pilgrims head to the tent city of Mina, a town approximately 8 km away from Makkah, where they'll spend the rest of the day. Here, the Saudi government provides amenities - thousands upon thousands of white air-conditioned tents provide temporary housing for each year's pilgrims. On the first night, no major rituals take place, so you may spend your time praying and reflecting with other pilgrims if you wish.

Note that, in Mina, men and women stay in separate tents, which are located adjacent to each other. Though husbands and wives may interact, men cannot enter women's tents.

Pilgrims are required to remain in Mina until the sunrise of the second day of hajj, where they leave to Arafat.

Pilgrims return to Mina again on the third day of hajj to perform the symbolic stoning of the devil, the sixth rite of hajj.

Day 2 (9th Dhu'l-Hijjah): Head to Arafat and perform Waquf

On the second day of Hajj, pilgrims travel to the desert planes of Arafat, a nearby mountain. Dubbed as the "most important day of hajj", Muslims spend the day of Arafat in the vicinity of the mountain, praying and repenting.

Pilgrims must reach Arafat by the afternoon, because, at this time, a ritual called Waquf-e-Arafat begins. From the time when the sun first starts to decline (known as zawal) until the time it sets completely, pilgrims hold a vigil on a plain of Arafat during which time they pray and reflect.

No specific prayers are assigned for the Waquf, so simply pray to Allah sincerely from your heart. Many pilgrims like to also spend time reflecting on the course of their life, their future, and their place in the world. They repent for their sins, seek forgiveness and mercy of Allah. Although Waquf can be done sitting down, it is better to do it standing up if possible.

Zuhr and Asr prayers are combined and shortened by the imam in Masjid-e-Namrah and prayed at zuhr time with one adhan but separate iqamahs. However, it is advisable to offer these prayers at their proper times if praying in other places in Arafat.

If he [the pilgrim] grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah's grace and abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah.

He should then return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in supplication because the best of supplication is the supplication of the day of Arafah.

Shaikh Muhammad As-Salih Al-Uthaimeen

The rituals of this day end at sunset, when pilgrims move to Muzdalifah without offering Maghrib prayer.

Pray in Muzdalifah

After descending from Arafat, after sundown, pilgrims head to the open land of Muzdalifah, southeast of Mina between Mina and Arafat. People gather in makeshift tents and are required to perform Maghrib (evening) and Isha (night) prayers. For both prayers there is one adhan and one iqamah. First pilgrims offer fard prayer of Maghrib with jama'at (congregation), then they say Takbir Tashriq and Talbiyah.

Immediately after that they offer fard prayer of Isha followed by sunnah of Maghrib and Isha and Witr prayer. Nafl prayer is optional.

Pilgrims spend the night sleeping on the ground beneath the open sky.

Muzdalifah is also considered the best place to collect pebbles for Ramy al-Jamarat, "stoning" ceremony. Therefore in the morning pilgrims will collect pebbles to be used later in the day. They'll pick 49 pebbles of the size of big grams (e.g. chick peas) if Ramy is to be performed for three days, or they'll pick 70 if it's for four days.

Day 3 - 5 (10th - 12th Dhu'l-Hijjah): Perform Ramy al-Jamarat in Mina, offer animal as sacrifice as part of Eid-ul-Adha

Stoning of the devil

Before the sun rises, pilgrims head back to the city of Mina. Here they participate in a ceremony meant to symbolize stoning the devil. Pilgrims throw 7 consecutive pebbles at a special stone monument called the Jamarat al-Aqabah which is made up of Three walls. The pilgrim throws 7 pebbles at the first Jamarat, which is furthest from Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamarat Al-Aqaba. Each one should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbeer (Allahu Akbar, Allah is Great). They stop saying Talbiyah when you throw the first pebble and make supplications facing the Qibla after the first and middle Jamarat.

This ceremony can be extremely crowded, tense, and emotional. Trampling deaths, though rare, have occurred. Because of this, the elderly, sick, and injured are discouraged from participating. Instead, they may perform this later in the evening or have a friend or confidant perform the ritual in their place. Don't stop for du'a and go back to your residence.

Offer an animal sacrifice as part of Eid-ul-Adha

The stoning of Jamarat al Aqabah takes place on the third day of hajj. This is also the day of Eid al-Adha (‘Feast of Sacrifice’), the second biggest Islamic festival (after Eid-ul-Fitr, which takes place after Ramadhan). Muslims celebrate this day by slaughtering animals to mark Prophet Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son Ismail upon the command of God.

So after the pilgrim has performed the Ramy ceremony they must offer an animal sacrifice (Qurbani) to Allah Almighty. There are three days designated for qurbani, i.e., 10th, 11th or 12th Dhu'l-Hijjah. It can be done any time during day or night.

In the past, each pilgrim did this individually, however, today, it's much more common for pilgrims to simply purchase a sacrifice voucher. These vouchers signify that an animal was sacrificed in your name. After selling vouchers, qualified personnel will sacrifice a lamb for each pilgrim (or a camel for every seven pilgrims), butcher the animals, package the meat, and ship it to Muslim communities all over the world to be used to feed the poor.

Pilgrims spend the three days of Eid stoning pillars that represent the devil.

Shaving head (Halq) or cutting it short (Qasr)

As in the Umrah, pilgrims must have their hair ritually cut. Men may have their hair completely shaved (Halq) or cut into a very short haircut (Qasr). Shaving is preferable to cutting it short. If a man opted for a short haircut during his Umrah, he may now want to have his hair completely shaved off, though he is not required to). Women can have a short lock of hair cut - their heads are not shaved. This is only performed after the qurbani.

Following this, all prohibitions of Ihram are lifted except the private relations (i.e. sexual intercourse) between husband and wife which are permissible after Tawaf-e-Ziarah.

Perform the Tawaf-e-Ziarah in Ka'bah and Sa'ey between hills of Safa and Marwah

Just as in the Umrah, the Hajj requires pilgrims to perform the Tawaf and Sa'ey rituals at the Ka'bah and the nearby hills between Safa and Marwah. The rituals are performed essentially identically to how they are performed during the Umrah, but it is highly recommended that these ceremonies be done only after the stoning, sacrifice, and hair-cutting rituals. As such it can be done on 10th, 11th or 12th Dhu'l-Hijjah.

After completing the Tawaf and Sa'ey, you are released from your state of Ihram and may resume the activities that were previously prohibited.

If Tawaf-e-Ziarah and Sa'ey were performed on the third day, pilgrims return back to Mina and spend the night there in prayer.

Repeat Ramy after sundown on the fourth and fifth days

In Mina, pilgrims once again participate in the stoning ritual. This time, you will not throw pebbles only at the Jamrat al Aqabah, but also at two other monuments - the Jamrat Oolah and Jamrat Wustah.

First, throw 7 pebbles at the Jamrat Oolah, then move a little forward and, with hands raised and facing Qibla, praise Allah and supplicate in your own words (there are no assigned prayers, so you may use your own.) Repeat this for the Jamrat Wustah. Finally, throw 7 pebbles at the Jamrat al Aqabah, but after, you don't need to pray - you can return home.

Repeat this ritual after sundown on the fifth day.

After the fifth day rites, pilgrims have to option to return to Makkah before sunset. But if the sun sets before you are able to depart, and the pilgrim wishes to prolong their stay, they can remain in Mina for the third night and throw pebbles the next day in the same order.

With that the Hajj comes to a close.

Perform the Tawaf-e-Wida (Farewell Tawaf)

After Hajj, when a pilgrim intends to leave Makkah, it is Wajib (obligatory) to perform Tawaf-e-Wida (Farewell Tawaf). Its procedure is the same as that of a Nafl Tawaf.

When you've finished your Hajj, complete any unfinished business you have remaining in or around Makkah first, such as shopping or meeting any friends or family. If you are planning to stay in Makkah for a few days after Hajj, then you must wait until the very end of your stay before you perform Tawaf-e-Wida (Farewell Tawaf) and depart Makkah.

The Farewell Tawaf is the final tawaf, walking around the Ka'bah seven times as before. As you perform the Farewell Tawaf, reflect on the thoughts and feelings you've experienced on your Hajj and how fortunate you have been to be selected by Allah Almighty to come to His House. Offer praise and supplication to Allah. When you've finished, you should immediately proceed to gather your belongings and luggage and depart for your home. If you need to buy food for your return trip, you are allowed to do that inshaAllah, since that is not the same as shopping and is related to the return trip.

After completing their Hajj, many pilgrims visit Madinah. This is not a rite of Hajj or Umrah and as such no ihram or Talbiyah is required for a visit.

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The rites of Umrah

The only rites of Umrah are:

  • Entering the state of Ihram
  • Tawaf of Ka’bah
  • Sa'ey between the hills of Safa and Marwah
  • Shaving or clipping of the hair

Ihram for Umrah and entering Masjid al-Haram (aka Ka'bah sharif)

You should be already in Ihram for Umrah before entering Mecca as mentioned above.

Entering Masjid al-Haram

While reciting Talbiyah, enter Masjid al-Haram preferably through Bab as-Salam with right foot first. Supplicate to Allah and proceed towards Ka’bah. You may recite the following supplication which is usually used before entering a mosque: Allah huma aftah li abwabe rahmate ka

Upon seeing the Ka'bah for the first time

At the first sight of Ka’bah, keep your eyes fixed at Baitullah and standing at one side, it is suggested that you do the following: Say Allahu Akbar three times Say La Ilaha Illallah three times Proclaim Darud on our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) and very humbly and with tears in your eyes supplicate to Allah for whatever you wish. This is a special time for the acceptance of prayers. The idea is to praise and glorify your Creator before proclaiming Darud and supplications. Therefore, in lieu of Allahu Akbar and La Ilaha Illallah, you may recite some other similar holy verses if you so desire. After this, while uttering Talbiyah, move forward to perform Tawaf of Ka’bah. ----

Masjid al-Haram (also known as Ka'bah or Ka'bah Sharif)

When this sacred journey towards Makkah al-Mukarrama starts, recite Talbiyah frequently on the way. Then enter the city very humbly and with great fondness still reciting Talbiyah.

After arranging for your residence, proceed to the Haram Sharif to perform Umrah.

Proceed towards the Ka'bah - the most sacred location in Islam. At first sight of the Ka'bah, keep your eyes fixed on it and stand to the side of the crowd as you say "Allahu Akbar" ("God is Great") three times, followed by saying "La Ilaha Illallah" ("There is no god but God"). Recite other holy verses if you desire. Say a blessing for the prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and, in total humility, make your prayers to Allah. This is an especially propitious, auspicious time to pray for something.

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Performing Tawaf in Makkah

Summary

  • (Male only) Prepare your ihram clothing
  • Make intention (niyyah) in front of Ka'bah facing Hajar-e-Aswad (the Black Stone)
  • kiss, touch, or raise hands (istilam) to Black Stone. Repeat istilam at beginning of each tawaf
  • Commence tawaf
  • (Male only) Move shoulders and walk with quick short steps (rumal) for first 3 circuits. Normal for remaining 4 circuits
  • If possible, touch fourth corner (Rukn Yamani) of Ka'bah. Touch with both hands or with right only
  • (Male only) After finishing all tawafs cover both shoulders with upper portion of Ihram sheet
  • Supplicate facing or standing in Multazam, a sacred spot 5-6 ft in length between Hajar-e-Aswad and door of Ka'bah
  • Offer two rakahs of nafls behind and close to Maqam Ibrahim
  • Drink Zamzam water

Counter-clockwise circumambulation 7 times

Upon arrival to Makkah, Pilgrims should make Tawaf or circumambulation. In this ritual pilgrims circle the Ka’bah seven times. The circuits are done in a counter-clockwise direction and express the unity between Muslims in worshipping one God. The rotations are marked by al-Hajar al-Aswad, or the Black Stone at the eastern corner of the Kabaa.

The Tawaf is also carried out at the end of the hajj.

To begin, men should make sure their Ihram garb is properly arranged - make sure the upper sheet passes under the right arm and lays across the left shoulder, exposing the right shoulder. Next, all should face the Ka'bah so that the Black Stone is on your right. Make another Niyyah for Umrah, saying: " O Allah, I perform Tawaf of Umrah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me."

Kiss, touch, or raise hands to Black Stone

Next, begin to move to the right. Draw close to the Black Stone (the Eastern cornerstone of the Ka'bah) and, if possible, kiss it. If can't get close enough to kiss it, you may touch it with your hand. If you can't get close enough to touch or kiss it, lift your hands to your ears, palms facing towards the Black Stone, and recite this short prayer: "Bismi'Llah Allahu akbar wa li'Lah al-hamad". Don't shove or fight for a chance to touch the Black Stone.

Begin to circle the Ka'bah. Walk counter-clockwise so that the Ka'bah stays at your left. Circle the Ka'bah seven times, praying as you do so. There are no designated prayers for the Tawaf, so you may use ones from your daily life or simply pray from your heart. You may also point at the Black Stone each time you walk by it.

When you've completed seven circles, you are finished. Men can now cover their right shoulder.

-------------------------------------------------- Tawaf means circling around something . Here it means moving around Ka’bah seven times with extreme love and devotion.

Preparation

Pass the upper sheet of Ihram from underneath the right arm and put it on the left shoulder. This act bares the right shoulder and is known as Iztaba. Ablutions (vudu) is essential for tawaf. Reciting of Talbiyah is stopped when you reach Hajar-e- Aswad, the starting point of tawaf.

Niyyah (Intention)

Stand in front of Ka’bah facing Hajar-e-Aswad (the Black Stone) in such a way that the whole Hajre-e-Aswad is on your right side. To achieve this end, you may get help from the black stripe on the floor. This stripe should be on your right side. Then without raising your hands make Niyyah (intention) for Umrah: " O Allah, I perform Tawaf of Umrah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me."

Istilam

Now moving towards right, come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad and kiss it if possible, or touch it with a stick and kiss the stick; if that also is not possible, raise your hands to your ears keeping your open palms towards Hajre-e-Aswad and say: " Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lilla Hil Hamd" and drop your hands down. Now point the palms of your hands again towards Hajar-e- Aswad and kiss them. This act of kissing Hajar-e-Aswad or pointing towards it is called Istilam.

Tawaf Starts

After Istilam, turn right and start tawaf counter clockwise.

WARNING

The authorities often apply perfume to Hajar-e-Aswad, Rukn Yamani and Multazam. If so, do not touch them while in the state of Ihram, otherwise a dum will be required as a penalty. During tawaf, it is not permissible to face or turn your back towards Ka’bah except when you are kissing or pointing towards Hajar-e-Aswad.

Ramal

For the first three circuits of Tawaf of Umrah and Tawaf of Arrival, men are required to move their shoulders and walk with quick short steps. This act is called Ramal and is Sunnah. They walk normally during the remaining four circuits.

Supplications of Tawaf

There are no fixed supplications for tawaf but there are several recommended supplications listed in the books of Hajj and Umrah out of which the following supplication is easy to memorize: "Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billah." If you don’t remember these words, you may glorify Allah by repeatedly uttering: Subhan Allah, Al-Hamdu lilla, Allahu Akbar, La Ilaha Illallah, etc. The Prophet of Islam (peace be upon him) has said that there are two kalimahs that are light on tongue and (on the day of judgment) they weigh heavy on the scale (Mizan) and are liked by Allah. These kalimahs are: Subhan Allah Wabe Hamde hi Subhan Allah Hil Azeem (Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmizi) You may also use supplications used in the daily Salah or you may seek forgiveness of Allah and ask Him whatever you wish in your own language.

Hatim

Hatim is a semi-circular half-built portion which was originally a part of the Ka’bah but which could not be included in the main structure when the Ka’bah was rebuilt. It is obligatory to go around Hatim also while performing tawaf.

Rukn Yamani and its Supplications

After passing the three corners of the Ka’bah you reach the fourth corner known as Rukn Yamani. Touch it with both hands or with right hand. There is a beautiful supplication to be used while walking between Rukn Yamani and Hajar-e-Aswad: "Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin-nar." Our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) has repeatedly recited this supplication. The first circuit is complete when you reach Hajar-e-Aswad.

Seven Circuits

At Hajar-e-Aswad, start the second circuit by kissing it or pointing towards it as you started the first circuit, i.e., come in front of Hajar-e-Aswad, raise both hands to your ears with open palms towards it and say: " Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamd Now kiss both palms and drop your hands. After this go around Ka’bah as you did before and similarly complete the seven circuits.

The End of Tawaf

: At the end of seven circuits, do Istilam of Hajar-e- Aswad or point towards it eighth time which is Sunnat Mu’akidah. Also say: "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd"

Iztaba Finished

Now Iztaba is finished, therefore, you cover your both shoulders with upper portion of the Ihram sheet. This does not apply to women.

Multazam

Now, come to Multazam which is a place five or six feet in length between Hajar-e-Aswad and the door of Ka’bah. This is a highly sacred place where prayers are accepted. Among a large crowd of people, if it is possible to reach Multazam, cling to it pressing your chest and cheeks, and while trembling and crying with devotion and with all humility seek Allah’s mercy, His blessings and ask Him whatever you wish. If you are unable to come close to Multazam, just face towards it and supplicate from a distance.

Maqam Ibrahim

Next offer two rakahs of nafls behind and close to Maqam Ibrahim without covering your head. If it is zawal time when sajdah is not allowed, you have to wait till this undesirable time is passed and then offer prayers. In the niyyah (intention), say that you are offering 2 rakahs of nafls wajib al- tawaf. Recite Qul ya ayya hal kafroon in the first rakah and Qulhu wallah in the second rakah. After this, supplicate to Allah in Arabic or in your own language. Ask Him whatever you wish and invoke His blessings. If it is not possible to offer this obligatory prayer near Maqam Ibrahim, it can be offered anywhere in Mataf, or in Hatim or anywhere in Masjid al-Haram or even at any place in Haram of Makkah.

Zamzam

Now go to Zamzam well situated in the basement of the Haram about 200 feet from the Ka’bah’s door. There are separate portions for men and women. Zamzam is the best available water in the world. Drink this water to fill while in standing position saying Bismillah. Then supplicate to Allah: "Allahummah inni as’aluka ilm-an naafi’an wa rizqan waasi’an wa shifa’am min kulli daa’in." (O Allah! I implore Thee for beneficial knowledge, for vast provisions, and for cure from every disease.)

Perform Sa'ey

After Tawaf, pilgrims perform Sa’ey, which means "to walk" or "to move quickly". They walk back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah which are to the South and North of the Ka'bah, respectively.

The Sa’ey commemorates the journey by Prophet Ibrahim’s wife to find water for her infant prophet Ismail, after they were left in the desert of Makkah at God’s command.

Originally, this was done outdoors, but today, the entire path is enclosed in a long gallery. The hills are now enclosed by the Grand Mosque.

How to perform Sa'ey

When you reach the top of Safa, recite another Niyyah, saying: "" O Allah! I perform Sa’ey between Safa and Marwah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me." Then, add: "Inn-as-Safa wal-Marwah min Sha’a’irillah" ("Indeed Safa and Marwah are among the Signs of Allah.") Finally, face the Ka'bah and recite "Allahu Akbar" three times. Add any additional prayers you may wish, then proceed towards Marwah.

As you move towards Marwah, recite: "Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billa", or, if you can't remember this, use the shortened form, "Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar." You may add any prayers you wish. At the top of Marwah, repeat the glorification of God while facing the Ka'bah, then walk down from the hill again.

When you've walked back and forth seven times, you are finished.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The literal meaning of Sa’ey is to run or to make effort, but as a Hajj and Umrah term, Sa’ey denotes walking back and forth seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah which are situated to the south and north of the Ka’bah respectively. Now there are only signs of these hills and the whole route between them is enclosed in a long gallery. Sa’ey has a historical background. Prophet Abraham left his wife Hazrat Hajra and infant son Hazrat Ismael in the wilderness of Makkah at the command of Allah. The mother and son lived for five days on the food and water they had when the water was completely finished. The mother ran frantically seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah in search of water for her son. Suddenly the fountain of Zamzam oozed miraculously near the feet of Hazrat Ismael. Sa’ey is included in the rites of Hajj and Umrah to commemorate this event of search and struggle. HOW TO PERFORM SA’EY

Istilam of Hajar-e-Aswad

Before starting Sa’ey, do Istilam of Hajar-e-Aswad again the ninth time or point towards it, saying: "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hil Hamad." Now Proceed towards Safa. It is a Sunnah to be in the state of ablutions during Sa’ey.

Start of Sa’ey at Safa

Climb the hill of Safa and make intention (niyyah) for Sa’ey: " O Allah! I perform Sa’ey between Safa and Marwah to please You. Make it easy for me and accept it from me." Now recite: "Inn-as-Safa wal-Marwah min Sha’a’irillah." (Al-Qur’an 2 : 158) (Indeed Safa and Marwah are among the Signs of Allah.) After this climb Safa to the point from where you can see the Ka’bah, then facing the Ka’bah raise your hands in supplication, say Allahu Akbar three times and recite the following supplication or ask Allah whatever you wish: "La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la Sharika lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa ‘ala kulli shai’in Qadeer." If you don’t remember this, you may use the supplication recited earlier during Tawaf: "Bismillahi Allahu Akbar Wa Lillah Hill Hamd"

Proceed towards Marwah

Come down from Safa and move towards Marwah while reciting this supplication: "Subhan-Allah wal-hamdu-lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allah wa-Allahu Akbar wa la haula wa la quwwata illa-billa." If you don’t remember this supplication also, recite Subhan Allah, Alhamdu Lillah, Allahu Akbar repeatedly and keep moving. You may also praise Allah and ask for His mercy in your language or use supplications taken from the daily Salah. When you reach two green pillars between which men have to run but the women walk with their normal pace.

At Marwah

When on top of marwah, praise Allah facing the Ka’bah and repeat the same supplications that were recited at Safa. One trip is over, second trip will be on Safa and third trip will be on Marwah. End of Sa’ey. In the same way, the seventh trip will end at Marwah. In all trips the men will run between the green pillars but the women will walk in a normal way.

Two raka’at Nafl

If it is not an undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two raka’ats of nafl in the al-Haram.

Shaving hair or cutting it short

After completing the Sa'ey, men should have their hair either completely shaved or cut short - both are permissible, though shaving is preferred. However, a man may not want to have his head shaved completely during the Umrah if he plans to complete the Hajj rites in the next few days, which also include shaving. Women should not have their heads shaved but instead may cut a lock of hair or have their hair trimmed several inches.

After the ritual hair-cutting, Umrah is complete and the restrictions of Ihram are lifted. You can return to your normal activities, wear your normal clothes, etc. However, if, like many pilgrims, you will proceed to complete the Hajj in the next few days, know that you will need to re-enter Ihram to do so.

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Shaving or clipping of hair

After Sa’ey, men should get their heads completely shaved or get their hair clipped to the length of the upper third of their finger or a little more. Both shaving and clipping are permissible for men, though shaving is preferable. Women are, however, allowed to have a lock of their hair clipped. They are forbidden to shave their heads.

Umrah is complete

After cutting the hair, umrah is complete. The restrictions of Ihram are finished. Now wear your everyday clothes and lead a normal life. Be thankful to Allah that He provided the opportunity for performing Umrah and lead rest of your life according to the commands of your Creator.

NAFL TAWAF

You may perform Umrah as often as you want according to the above procedure. And if you want to perform just a nafl Tawaf, follow the same procedure, however, in a nafl Tawaf there is no Ihram, no Ramal, no Iztaba and even no Sa’ey.

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