Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

  • Born: c. 570 (Rabi' ul-Awwal), Bani Hashim area of Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  • Died: c. 8 June 632 (12 Rabi' ul-Awwal, 11 AH), Madinah, Saudi Arabia (aged 62)
  • Profession: Prophet
  • Recognition: Best creation of Almighty Allah. Seal of the Prophets
  • Global contribution: Qur'an revealed to him. Formalised Islam further via Hadith and Sunnah
  • Hasani? Didn't know that! His name 'Muhammad' only occurs four times in the Qur'an

Biography

Pre-revelation Makkah period c. 570 - 609 CE

  1. Prophet's life split into 3 phases: Pre-revelation Makkah period, Post-revelation Makkah period, and Madinah period
  2. Pre-Islam Arabia, Amr bin Luhai brings idol worship to Makkah from Syria, Migration of Jews to Arab land, Period of 'al-jahiliyyah' (ignorance)
  3. Pure, Hashimite lineage from Quraysh tribe
  4. Born an orphan
  5. Physical & emotional characteristics
  6. 11 wives, 4 daughters and 3 sons

Post-revelation Makkah period c. 609 - 622 CE

  1. Solitude in Hira cave, First Revelation, Khadijah supports him and becomes first Muslim convert, Second Revelation
  2. Early converts, public preaching, Abu Jahl, Sumayyah bint Khabbab the first Muslim shaheed, Bilal ibn Rabah the first muezzin
  3. Journey to heaven & hell in the Mi'raj
  4. "The Year of Sorrow"
  5. The Aqabah Pledges

Madinah period 622 - 632 CE

  1. Hijra (migration to Medina)
  2. Brotherhood with Ansars
  3. Battles for Islam
  4. Farewell sermon
  5. Death
  6. Khātim an-Nabiyīn (Seal of the Prophets)

Legacy

  1. Legacy

More...

Timeline of few major events in Prophet Muhammad's (pbuh) life:

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And We have sent you (Muhammad) not except as a mercy for all the worlds.

Surah 21 Al-Anbya (The Prophet), ayat 107

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